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AEIS词汇后缀添加规则总结!

发布于2021-09-14
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  学好AEIS词汇是我们参加AEIS考试的基础,但是备考中我们难免会有疏漏,也就导致了在考试中遇到生词的情况,那么这种情况下我们应该如何处理词汇呢?下面小编就为大家讲解词汇后缀添加规则总结!

  The endings -able, -ion, -er, -or, -ance, -ence, -ous, -ish, and -al are generally used to form adjectives and nouns. Here are some guidelines about how they affect the spelling of the word to which they're added:

  -able, -ion, -er, -or, -ance, -ence, -ous, -ish, 和-al常常充当名词和形容词的后缀。以下这些规则指出了后缀对单词的影响:

  When you're adding one of these endings to a word that ends with a consonant, the spelling is often straightforward:

  当原本的词汇是以辅音结尾,一般直接添加后缀。

  Adapt(vi. 适应), adaptable(adj. 适合的;能适应的;可修改的)

  Addict(vt. 使沉溺;使上瘾), addiction(n. 上瘾,沉溺;癖嗜)

  Mountain(n. 山;山脉), mountainous(adj. 多山的;巨大的;山一般的)

  Black(n. 黑色;黑人;黑颜料), blackish(adj. 带黑色的)

  If you add one of the endings to a word that ends in an e that isn't pronounced, drop this final e:

  如果单词结尾有不发音的e,则去掉结尾的e再加后缀:

  Inflate(vt. 使充气;使通货膨胀), inflation(n. 膨胀;通货膨胀;夸张;自命不凡)

  advise(vt. 建议;劝告,忠告;通知;警告), advisable(adj. 明智的,可取的,适当的)

  dance(n. 舞蹈;舞会;舞曲), dancer(n. 舞蹈家;舞蹈演员;舞女;跳舞者)


AEIS词汇后缀添加规则总结!


  The exceptions to this rule are words that end with a ‘soft’ce or ge sound:

  这条规则在以ge、ce结尾时例外,不去掉结尾的e:

  Notice(n. 通知,布告;注意;公告), noticeable(adj. 显而易见的,显著的;值得注意的)

  Courage(n. 勇气;胆量), courageous(adj. 有胆量的,勇敢的)

  Advantage(n. 优势;利益;有利条件), advantageous(adj. 有利的;有益的)

  When you add one of these endings to verbs ending in a vowel plus l, you need to double the l:

  当单词以l结尾,需要双写l+后缀

  Counsel(n. 法律顾问;忠告;商议;讨论;决策), counsellor(n. 顾问;参赞;辅导员(等于counselor);律师;法律顾问)

  Excel(vt. 超过;擅长), excellent(adj. 卓越的;极好的;杰出的)

  Double the final consonant when adding these endings to verbs that end with a single vowel plus a consonant, when the stress is at the end of the verb:

  当单词以单个元音+辅音结尾,并且重音在单词末尾,双写末尾的辅音再加后缀:

  Refer(vt. 涉及;委托;归诸于;使…求助于), referral(n. n. 参照;提及;被推举的人;转诊病人)

  Begin(vt. 开始), beginning(n. 开始;起点)

  Forget(vt. 忘记;忽略), forgettable(adj. 可忘记的;容易被忘的)

  Don't double the final consonant, if the word ends with a single vowel plus a consonant, and the stress is not at the end of the word:

  以上就是小编为大家分享的AEIS词汇后缀添加规则,希望可以帮助到大家,如果还想了解更多关于AEIS考试时间、AEIS高频词汇的内容,可以添加我们的客服微信kewo11。


AEIS词汇后缀添加规则总结!

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